Smoke Gets in Your Eyes
While the drive to reduce emissions from cars and trucks is on-going, the automakers are faced with adding technology to vehicles that cost consumers money, but which can’t be appreciated the same way, say, LED headlamps or satellite radio can.
After all, those various and sundry systems that keep emissions from happening in the first place or that capture it before it goes out of the tailpipe are essentially invisible.
Which leads to something that is happening in Copenhagen as a result of work being done by an architectural consultancy, BIG, along with an aerospace organization, Rumlaboratorium, and the Danish Technical University.
It is based on an idea from Berlin-based artists group realities:united.
They are going to create (assuming that their Kickstarter campaign is successful) to create a steam-ring generator that will produce a smoke-ring for every ton of carbon dioxide created by a power plant.
According to the EPA:
“To obtain the number of grams of CO2 emitted per gallon of gasoline combusted, the heat content of the fuel per gallon is multiplied by the kg CO2 per heat content of the fuel. In the preamble to the joint EPA/Department of Transportation rulemaking on May 7, 2010 that established the initial National Program fuel economy standards for model years 2012-2016, the agencies stated that they had agreed to use a common conversion factor of 8,887 grams of CO2 emissions per gallon of gasoline consumed (Federal Register 2010).
“This value assumes that all the carbon in the gasoline is converted to CO2 (IPCC 2006).”
So if there are 8,887 grams per gallon and there are 907,185 grams in a ton, 102 gallons of gasoline burned produces a ton of CO2.
Imagine if cars rolled around creating smoke rings every time they burned that much fuel.
Might make things at least more amusing—unless, of course, you were inching along on the 405 in Los Angeles, which would be one huge cloud of smoke rings.
Although the RAV4 has plenty of heritage in the small crossover segment, competition has gotten a whole lot tougher, so Toyota has made significant changes to the fourth-generation model.
Once the playground of exotic car makers, the definition of a niche vehicle has expanded to include image vehicles for mainstream OEMs, and specialist models produced on high-volume platforms.
The high-end automotive CAD/CAM systems do a whole lot more than their name implies. In addition to design and manufacturing, they have the ability to support analysis, product data management, and more.