Opposed-Piston Engine Developer Touts 2027 Diesel Emissions Capabilities
Achates moves closer to production, starting with commercial vehicles
“At a time when the industry is contemplating many technology options to address clean energy, it’s important to have pragmatic solutions in the conversation that can have more immediate impact, and meeting or beating the most stringent regulations with less cost and complexity and no reliance on enabling infrastructure is compelling,” asserts David Crompton, president and CEO of San Diego-based Achates Power.
Achates 3-cylinder 10.6-liter diesel (Image: Achates)
In this case, the pragmatic solution Crompton is referring to is Achates’ opposed-piston engine, which promises to meet more stringent emissions requirements with current aftertreatment systems—and without having to switch to electrified drivetrains.
Crompton is celebrating recent tests that showed Achates’ 3-cylinder 10.6-liter opposed-piston diesel engine complies with pending 2027 emissions requirements.
In the tests, which were conducted in San Diego and Detroit, the heavy-duty diesel mill measured:
- 0.02 grams per brake hp-hour of nitrogen oxide emissions, meeting 2027 California requirements that cut NOx levels by 90%
- 422 g of carbon dioxide, which is 8% below the current U.S. Environmental Protection Agency standard of 460 g CO2 and 2% under 2027 targets
Why It Matters
The results were achieved with a conventional exhaust fluid injection aftertreatment system, which Achates boasts is more efficient, cheaper and less complex than conventional engines and aftertreatment approaches.
Achates has been developing the technology, which eliminates the cylinder head and valve train, since 2004. (Others have been at it since the 1930s.)
The tests results are another step in the validation and commercialization processes.
In addition to commercial vehicles, Achates is working on applications for passenger cars, military vehicles and stationary applications.
Dan Nicholson is vice president of General Motors Global Propulsion Systems, the organization that had been “GM Powertrain” for 24 years.
Direct injection is the technology of the near future for both gasoline and diesel engines, say Bosch engineers. It will keep the internal combustion engine clean, powerful, and efficient during a period when hydrogen power is more dream than reality.
Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) is a means by which there is combustion of fuel via pressure rather than a spark.